top of page

JLPT N5 Kanji - Lesson 1

Updated: Feb 4, 2019

*This post contains affiliate links. Learn more here*


こんにちは, everyone!

I hope you have all had sometime to review hiragana, because this lesson we are going to be getting into our first kanji!


Many of you may end up taking the JLPT (maybe you already have plans to), so I am going to be structuring these lessons according to the JLPT hierarchy.


If you don't know what the JLPT is it stands for Japanese Language Placement Test, so basically a test that tells you your Japanese level. It is broken up into 5 different levels, and you choose which level you want to take based on where you think your Japanese level is. Level 5 is the easiest, and level 1 is the hardest.


Disclaimer* Technically, there is no longer an official list for the JLPT, so we can not guarantee which kanji will and will not be on it. However, If you can memorize the kanji that we provide you, along with vocabulary and grammar, we believe that you can do well. How well you do is still completely up to you.



That being said, lets get into the lesson.


 

Today's Kanji: 一・二・三・四・五・六・七・八・九・十・百・千・万・円・月・火・水・ 木・ 金・土・日・曜


たんご:


一(いち)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ one

二(に)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- two

三(さん)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ three

四(よん・し)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- four

五(ご)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- five

六(ろく)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ six

七(なな・しち)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- seven

八(はち)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ eight

九(きゅう)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- nine

十(じゅう)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ten

百(ひゃく)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- hundred

千(せん)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ thousand

万(まん)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ten thousand

円(えん)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ yen

月(つき)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ moon

日(ひ)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- day/sun

水(みず)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ water

火(ひ)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- fire

木(き)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- wood

金(かね)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ money

土(つち)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ earth/soil

月曜日(げつようび)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Monday

火曜日(かようび)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tuesday

水曜日(すいようび)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Wednesday

木曜日(もくようび)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Thursday

金曜日(きんようび)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Friday

土曜日(どようび)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Saturday

日曜日(にちようび)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Sunday

一月(いちがつ)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- January

二月(にがつ)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- February

三月(さんがつ)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- March

四月(しがつ)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- April

五月(ごがつ)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- May

六月(ろくがつ)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- June

七月(しちがつ)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- July

八月(はちがつ)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- August

九月(くがつ)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- September

十月(じゅうがつ)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- October

十一月(じゅういちがつ)--------------------------------------------------------------------------- November

十二月(じゅうにがつ)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- December

一円(いちえん)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One Yen

百円(ひゃくえん)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One Hundred Yen

千円(せんえん)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One Thousand Yen

一万円(いちまんえん)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ten Thousand Yen

十万円(じゅうまんえん)--------------------------------------------------------------------------- One Hundred Thousand Yen

百万千(ひゃくまんえん)--------------------------------------------------------------------------- One Million Yen

千万円(せんまんえん)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ten Million Yen


 

Whew! I know that seems like a lot guys, but try not to freak out too much! One you get the kanji and their readings and meanings, down, memorizing all that vocabulary will be easy peasy. We promise.


First, Let's talk a little bit about how you should be writing kani, and we aren't just talking about memorizing stroke order. Generally, in Japanese you write each character in order from top to bottom and left to right. Also some kanji, as we will learn later, are made up of radicals, and each radical is written and treated separately. Radicals are basically smaller parts of a whole kanji.


Also, there are three really important stroke styles to pay attention to. These are the stop, hook, and release. Here's a little diagram to show you what we mean.



These are important in writing kanji, and should not be overlooked. The hook is basically where you end a stroke with a short jump as pictured. Stops are just maintaining the line from start to finish with clean "stop". And releases are achieved by slowly picking up your pen towards the end of the stroke to create a wispy line. There are many different types of notebooks available on amazon to help you practice these strokes.


Memorizing the stroke order will help you in terms of learning other kanji in the long run, as many kanji will follow similar stroke order patterns. So please don't think that you can just ignore stroke order, that muscle memory is so important!


Lastly, there are two types of readings for kanji, on-yomi and kun-yomi. On-yomi are supposedly mimicry of the original Chinese sounds, where as kun-yomi are completely japanese-made readings. Kun-yomi are also what are used in making Japanese names, such as my husband's last name 末木(すえき).




Here we have the kanji for 1 through 4. Generally, numbers are written like 1,2,3,4 etc, even in Japanese. But occasionally you will see the kanji used. Whether you see the kanji or the number itself, the reading will remain the same. The way you read numbers in Japanese will depend solely on which word you use them in.


四 is a really good example of this. If you just want to say "four", then you could either say よん or し. If you want to say 4 o'clock(四時), then you would say よじ. And if you want to say April(四月), then you would say しがつ.


That is why it is important to also memorize the readings for kanji. However, in my personal opinion, it is easier to memorize readings along with the words that they are used in.


Even if you were to sit down right now and memorize every single reading for all of these kanji, you still don't know which words use which readings until you learn the words.


Therefore my recommendation is to focus on memorizing how to write the kanji, along with the meaning of the kanji, and then learn the readings for the kanji by studying words that they are used in.


For this purpose, I will provide some example words containing these kanji. Keep in mind anything coming after the period is not part of the reading for the kanji in question.*means radical(not typical) reading.


一:

一(いち)------------------------------------------- one

一時(いち.じ)------------------------------- one o'clock

一人(ひと.り)------------------------------- alone; one person

一つ(ひと.つ)------------------------------- one (thing)

一年生(いち.ねんせい)------------ first year student (freshman)

一日*(ついたち)----------------------- first day of the month

一日(いち.にち)-------------------------- one day

一回(いっかい)---------------------------- one time


二:

二(に)----------------------------------------------- two

二時(に.じ)------------------------------------ two o'clock

二月(に.がつ)------------------------------- february

二日(ふつ.か)------------------------------- second day of the month

二つ(ふた.つ)------------------------------- two (things)

二男(じ.なん)------------------------------- second born son


三:

三(さん)------------------------------------------- three

三時(さん.じ)-------------------------------- three o'clock

三月(さん.がつ)--------------------------- March

三日(みっ.か)-------------------------------- third day of the month

三つ(みっ.つ)-------------------------------- three (things)


四:

四(よん・し)------------------------------------------- four

四時(よ.じ)------------------------------------- four o'clock

四月(し.がつ)-------------------------------- April

四日(よっ.か)-------------------------------- fourth day of the month

四秒(よん.びょう)----------------------- four seconds

四年生(よ.ねんせい)------------------ fourth year student (senior)

四つ(よっ.つ)--------------------------------- four (things)





五:

五(ご)------------------------------------------- five

五時(ご.じ)-------------------------------- five o'clock

五日(いつ.か)--------------------------- fifth day of the month

五月(ご.がつ)--------------------------- May

五つ(いつ.つ)--------------------------- five (things)


六:

六(ろく)-------------------------------------- six

六時(ろく.じ)--------------------------- six o'clock

六日(むい.か)--------------------------- sixth day of the month

六月(ろく.がつ)---------------------- June

六つ(むっ.つ)--------------------------- six things


七:

七(なな)-------------------------------------- seven

七時(しち.じ)--------------------------- seven o'clock

七日(なの.か)--------------------------- seventh day of the month

七月(しち.がつ)---------------------- July

七つ(なな.つ)--------------------------- seven (things)


八:

八(はち)-------------------------------------- eight

八時(はち.じ)--------------------------- eight o'clock

八日(よう.か)--------------------------- eighth day of the month

八月(はち.がつ)---------------------- August

八つ(やっ.つ)--------------------------- eight (things)




九:

九(きゅう)

九時(く.じ)

九日(ここの.か)

九月(く.がつ)

九秒(きゅう.びょう)

九つ(ここの.つ)


十:

十(じゅう)

十時(じゅう.じ)

十日(とお.か)

十月(じゅう.がつ)

十個(じゅう.こ)

十回(じゅっ.かい)------------------------


百:

百(ひゃく)------------------------------------------ one hundred

何百(なん.びゃく)-------------------------- hundreds


千:

千(せん)------------------------------------------------ one thousand

何千(なん.ぜん)-------------------------------- thousands


For fun:

千と千尋の神隠し(せん.と.ちひろ.のかみかくし)------------ Sen and Chihiro's Spiriting Away (Spirited Away) In the movie, Chihiro gets her name changed to Sen, which is really just a shortening of her real name which uses the same kanji, Chihiro.




万:

一万円(いち.まん.えん)--------------- 10,000 yen

何万人(なん.まん.にん)---------------- tens of thousands of people

万事(ばん.じ)----------------------------------- all/everything


円:

一円(いち.えん)------------------------------ one yen

円安(えん.やす)------------------------------ cheap yen


日:

日(ひ)-------------------------------------------------- day/sun

二十日(はつ.か)------------------------------- 20th of the month

日曜日(にち.よう.び)--------------------- Sunday

一日(いち.にち)------------------------------- one day

休日(きゅう.じつ)-------------------------- holiday/ day off



月:

月(つき)---------------------------------------------- moon/month

一月(いち.がつ)-------------------------------- January

月光(げっ.こう)-------------------------------- moonlight

一か月(いっか.げつ)----------------------- one month (period of time)

月曜日(げつ.ようび)----------------------- Monday


*note* The Yen's and Dollar's values change all the time. The easiest way to compare Yen to USD is to take 2 zeros away from the Yen value. i.e 10,000 yen becomes 100 dollars. This is not exact, but it makes things simpler for comparison's sake.




火:

火(ひ)--------------------------------------- fire

火曜日(か.ようび)--------------- Tuesday

花火(はな.び)------------------------- fireworks

火事(か.じ)------------------------------ house fire

火山(か.ざん)------------------------- volcano


水:

水(みず)----------------------------------- water

水曜日(すい.ようび)----------- Wednesday

洪水(こう.ずい)--------------------- flood


木:

木(き)----------------------------------------- tree

木曜日(もく.ようび)------------ Thursday

木材(もく.ざい)---------------------- lumber


金:

お金(お.かね)--------------------------- money

金髪(きん.ぱつ)---------------------- blonde (hair)

金(きん)------------------------------------- gold

金曜日(きん.ようび)------------- Friday




土:

土(つち)--------------------------------- earth, soil

土曜日(ど.ようび)-------------- Saturday

土地(と.ち)----------------------------- land

国土(こく.ど)------------------------ country/territory


曜:

月曜日(げつ.よう.び)---------- Monday


So there we have it guys! I know that 曜 seems hard to tackle (all those strokes!) but I know you guys will have it down in no time.


In the meaning keep grinding away at your studies and let me know if you have any questions down below. Remember to check out our resources tab for all of the different ways you can study Japanese and,


As always, 頑張ってね!


Lauren



39 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

*This post contains affiliate links. Learn more here* こんにちは, Japanese Learner’s! Welcome back to Teach Me Japanese. Today we are going to be discussing potential form in Japanese. Knowing potential fo

Teach Me Japanese Recommends:

WANIKANI.png