い and な Adjectives

Updated: Feb 4, 2019

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キャンディーちゃん

こんにちは, everyone! Welcome back to Teach Me Japanese.


Today we are going to be discussing い and な adjectives, and the differences between them.


Let's get started (✿╹◡╹)


 

TODAY'S VOCABULARY


・い Adjectives


暑い(あつい)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- hot

怪しい(あやしい)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- suspicious

良い(いい)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- good

嬉しい(うれしい)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- happy

悲しい(かなしい)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- sad

可愛い(かわいい)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- cute

汚い(きたない)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ dirty

優しい(やさしい)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- nice; kind


・な Adjectives


嫌(な)(いや)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- unpleasant

嫌い(な)(きらい)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- hated

綺麗(な)(きれい)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- pretty; clean

親切(な)(しんせつ)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- kind

好き(な)(すき)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- liked; favorite

大変(な)(たいへん)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- very; difficult

変(な)(へん)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- strange

有名(な)(ゆうめい)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- famous


・う Verbs


なる -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- to become


*Just because an adjective ends in い, that does not automatically mean that it is an い adjective, so please be careful!!*

 

The Difference Between い and な Adjectives

 

The main difference between い and な adjectives, other than the differences in conjugation, is that い adjectives can be followed by a noun as is, where as な must come between a な adjective and a noun.


For example:

adjective - 優し

--->やさしひと

---------->kind person(by nature)


adjective - 親切

--->しんせつひと

----------->kind person(by actions)


 

Conjugation of い and な Adjectives

 

The conjugation of い and な adjectives is a bit different.


For い Adjectives:


Non-past Affirmative - As is (~い

Ex. 嬉しです(うれしいです)happy

Non-past Negative - replace with くない

Ex. 嬉しくないです(うれしくないです)unhappy

Past Affirmative - replace with かった

 Ex. 嬉しかったです(うれしかったです)was happy

Past Negative - replace with くなかった

 Ex. 嬉しくなかったです(うれしくなかったです)wasn't happy


For な Adjectives:


Non-past Affirmative - As is (no )

Ex. 好きです(すきです)like

Non-past Negative - +じゃないです/ではないです/じゃありません/ではありません

Ex. 好きじゃないです(すきじゃないです)dislike

Past Affirmative - +でした

Ex. 好きでした(すきでした)liked

Past Negative - +じゃなかったです/ではなかったです/じゃありませんでした/ではありませんでした

Ex. 好きじゃありませんでした(すきじゃありませんでした)


 

To Become ~なる

 

To express the act of becoming something in Japanese, we use the う verb ”なる


When used with い and な adjectives it looks somethings like this:


い Adjective くなる *get rid of い!!*

Ex. 可愛なります(かわいなります)to become cute 

なる(よなる)to become good *いい is irregular so it becomes よく not いく!*

なる(あつなる)to become hot *i.e. weather*


な Adjective になる *no な!!*

Ex. 変なります(へんなります)to become strange

有名なる(ゆうめいなる)to become famous

嫌いなる(きらいなる)to come to dislike

 

And that's all for today! Don't forget to leave any questions or comments you may have down below. I hope that you all learned something new today! (≧▽≦) Check out our resources tab for even more fun ways to learn Japanese!


As always, がんばってね!



Lauren




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